What is difference between hydrophilic and hydrophobic filters?

Hydrophilic filters are easily wet with water. Hydrophilic filters can be wetted with virtually any liquid, and are the preferred filters for aqueous solutions, as appropriate by compatibility. Once wetted, hydrophilic filters do not allow the free passage of gases until the applied pressure exceeds the bubble point and the liquid is expelled from the pores of the membrane.
Hydrophobic filters will not wet in water but will wet in low surface tension liquids, for example, organic solvents such as alcohols. Once a hydrophobic filter has been wetted, aqueous solutions also will pass through. Hydrophobic filters are best suited for gas filtration, low surface tension solvents, and venting. In certain applications, hydrophobic filters are used to filter aqueous solutions because of compatibility requirements. Water or aqueous solutions can also pass through a hydrophobic filter once the water breakthrough pressure is reached.