Difference between intermediate and bulk during production

I need a clarification on the difference between an intermediate and bulk sample during sampling by the QC… Are they not the same thing?

Both words are used for same material.

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Thank you.

Dear Abiodun,

Please find below details for both differences,

An intermediate product is defined as partly processed material that must undergo further processing
steps before it becomes bulk product e.g. solution prior to filling, granulates, uncoated tablets etc.

A bulk product is defined as any product which has completed all processing steps, up to but not
including, final packaging.

A manufacturing process generally involves a series of unit operations, where intermediate product is
processed to become bulk product.

i hope above made things are a bit more clear.



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Thank you so much for your response Dear Kamlesh